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AFRICAN DAWN Annual Report 2016

continued Notes to the Financial Statements Annual Financial Statements For the year ended 29 February 2016 37. Risk management Risk Management Definitions For the purposes of risk management, the following definitions are applicable: • Credit risk – the risk that the group may not recover amounts it is owed (debit balances - receivables, bank, debit loans). • Liquidity risk – the risk that the group may not be able to pay an amount as it becomes due. • Interest rate risk • Cash flow interest rate risk – the risk that the cash flows will change because the interest rate has changed. • Fair value interest rate risk – the risk that the fair value of the instrument will change because the interest rate has changed. • Not exposed to interest rate risk. • Equity price risk - the risk that the cash flows or fair value of the instrument will change because the share price has changed. • Commodity price risk - the risk that the cash flows or fair value of the instrument will change because the commodity price has changed. • Foreign exchange / currency risk - the risk that the cash flows or fair value of the instrument will change because the foreign exchange price has changed. Concentrations of risk There are no concentrations of risks. Exposure The group is exposed to credit risk, interest rate risk and liquidity risk as follows: Financial instrument Credit risk Liquidity risk Cashflow interest rate risk Fair value interest rate risk Non-interest rate risk Other financial assets Yes No No No Yes Properties in possession No No No No No Loans to group companies Yes No No Yes* No Trade receivables Yes No Yes No No Other receivables Yes No No Yes* Yes Cash and cash equivalents Yes No Yes No No Borrowings No Yes Yes Yes* Yes Finance lease liability No Yes Yes No No Convertible bond No No Yes No No Loans from group companies No Yes No No Yes Loans from directors No Yes No Yes No Operating lease liabilities No Yes No No No Trade payables No Yes No No Yes * Balances that are either interest free or where interest is earned / paid at less than a market related rate. From an operational perspective, there is no interest rate risk. However, from an IFRS perspective, these loans are discounted and deemed interest income / expense is recognised. Therefore such loans give rise to fair value interest rate risk. 96 AFRICAN DAWN ANNUAL REPORT 2016


AFRICAN DAWN Annual Report 2016
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